Ar, águas e biodiversidade na OCDE
18 de Novembro de 2019.
Observatório Oceânico em risco
19 de Novembro de 2019.
Mostrar Tudo

The history of Iceland

All countries in Europe have a long history. I want to tell you more about how Iceland became an independent state.

The first people to settle in Iceland were probably Irish monks who came in the 8th century. Around 870 the tribal leader Ingólfur Arnason, expelled from Norway, reached the southwest of Iceland with his entourage and expelled the few Irish monks. The population increased strongly because the trailing Nordic settlers. And it at this time they convened the Althing, the oldest parliament in the world.

In 1262, after years of fighting with the opposition Icelandic clans, Iceland fell under Norwegian sovereignty. This was the end of the Free State of Iceland. In 1380 Norway and Iceland fell under Danish dominion. After Frederick III declared Denmark as the absolute sovereign of Iceland in the 17th Century. Because of this, Denmark became a trade monopoly with Icelandic foreign trade.

In 1800, Denmark forbid the Althing and parliament had to be dissolved. But Iceland strived for independence like the other countries of Europe. This is the reason why Iceland received its first constitution in 1874, exactly 1000 years after the country’s first settlement. And it even got its own government seat in Reykjavik in 1904. In 1918 Iceland signed the Union treaty with Denmark, which officially confirmed its independence. Only foreign policy was led by the Danish side. It was in 1944 that the Icelandic republic was proclaimed and it became its own independent country. And only two years later, Iceland became a UN member.

Text written in July 2019.

Short bio of the volunteer:

My name is Lena and I am 18 years old. I live in a small village in the west of Germany and before starting my EVS I finished my high school.


Erasmus+ is a programme of the European Commission embracing the fields of education, training, youth and sports during the period 2014-2020. One of the major aspects is the cooperation between the different fields where the programme acts, hence contributing for a diverse and rich Europe.

Amongst the several goals of the programme, the following are prioritised: the objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy, including the headline education target; the aims of the strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training (ET 2020), including the corresponding benchmarks; the sustainable development of Partner Countries in the field of higher education; the overall goals of the renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field (2010-2018); the objective of developing the European dimension in sport, in particular grassroots sport, in line with the EU work plan for sport and the promotion of European values in accordance with Article 2 of the Treaty on the European Union.

In order to achieve these goals, the Erasmus+ has several action policies. The Key Action 1 (KA1) is directed towards the mobility of people; Key Action 2 (KA2) for the cooperation for innovation and the interchange of good experiences; and Key Action 3 (KA3) which is for the support of reformation policies.

European Voluntary Service

Since 1991 the University of Madeira Students’ Union has developed a wide incentive policy for voluntary work. In 2013 the Students’ Union started the process to receive, send and coordinate Erasmus+ projects of the European Voluntary Service, in order to have a larger influence in the volunteering field. The Union received its first volunteer withing the ambit of a KA1 project in 2014. Many efforts have been done to allow young people from Madeira to take part in several initiatives in Europe, as well as propose several projects allowing young people from several countries to work in the projects of the Students’ Union of the University of Madeira. The main goal of the voluntary work is the contribution of the volunteers to the communities and places they will be staying, being their work not rewarded with payment.

We believe that the European Voluntary Service is a mechanism full of experiences, allowing the approved candidates to have the privilege of taking part in these projects and benefit the places and communities where these volunteers will be staying.

Since 2013, the University of Madeira Students’ Union has received volunteers that have collaborated in several activities and initiatives. Besides being able to enjoy a wonderful experience which will contribute to their personal and professional growth, they are able to contribute in a unique way to the community in which they are inserted and to join dozens of volunteers from the University of Madeira.