Charles II may not be one of the greatest military masterminds or a sly and cunning political figure, but he is one of the most exuberant, flamboyant, and promiscuous kings that England possessed. Known as the ‘merry monarch’ and a licentious playboy, his reign is one of great interest to many historians. His philandering became popular due to his liaisons with his Cockney mistress, Nell Gwyn.
Before Charles was restored to the throne in 1660, after the Commonwealth years under “boring” Oliver Cromwell, Charles had to find a wife. Various German Princesses were offered for examination, but Charles would usually dismiss them as “dull and foggy”. Charles had a relationship with a “commoner” Lucy Walter who bore him an illegitimate child. It is known to historians that Charles had many mistresses in both France and England. One of his servants Thomas Chiffinch used to bring them up via the backstairs to his room. Charles had several escapades with famous actresses at the time such as Moll Davis. Another beautiful Lady that Charles seduced was the Italian beauty, Hortense Mancini, however, she was only interested in the promiscuous act itself and not any royal titles, so their burning love affair died out rather quickly.
The King married Catherine of Braganza in 1662, daughter of King John IV, who became the first King of Portugal from the House of Braganza in 1640 after overthrowing the rule of the Spanish Habsburgs over Portugal. Accredited to introducing the English to afternoon tea-drinking. Although, throughout the reign of Charles II she was accused of being a Catholic saboteur who wanted to poison the king. Unfortunately, she did not birth any heirs to the throne. On his deathbed, he regretted the treatment that he afflicted on his wife. The late Diana, Princess of Wales is descended directly from one of Charles’ illegitimate children. It is said that Prince William, Duke of Cambridge will be the first British Monarch descended from Charles II.
James Garn, from the United Kingdom. My interests include photography, music (especially jazz, hip/hop, and reggae), and philosophy.
Erasmus+ is a programme of the European Commission embracing the fields of education, training, youth and sports during the period 2014-2020. One of the major aspects is the cooperation between the different fields where the programme acts, hence contributing for a diverse and rich Europe.
Amongst the several goals of the programme, the following are prioritised: the objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy, including the headline education target; the aims of the strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training (ET 2020), including the corresponding benchmarks; the sustainable development of Partner Countries in the field of higher education; the overall goals of the renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field (2010-2018); the objective of developing the European dimension in sport, in particular grassroots sport, in line with the EU work plan for sport and the promotion of European values in accordance with Article 2 of the Treaty on the European Union.
In order to achieve these goals, the Erasmus+ has several action policies. The Key Action 1 (KA1) is directed towards the mobility of people; Key Action 2 (KA2) for the cooperation for innovation and the interchange of good experiences; and Key Action 3 (KA3) which is for the support of reformation policies.
Since 1991 the University of Madeira Students’ Union has developed a wide incentive policy for voluntary work. In 2013 the Students’ Union started the process to receive, send and coordinate Erasmus+ projects of the European Voluntary Service, in order to have a larger influence in the volunteering field. The Union received its first volunteer withing the ambit of a KA1 project in 2014. Many efforts have been done to allow young people from Madeira to take part in several initiatives in Europe, as well as propose several projects allowing young people from several countries to work in the projects of the Students’ Union of the University of Madeira. The main goal of the voluntary work is the contribution of the volunteers to the communities and places they will be staying, being their work not rewarded with payment.
We believe that the European Voluntary Service is a mechanism full of experiences, allowing the approved candidates to have the privilege of taking part in these projects and benefit the places and communities where these volunteers will be staying.
Since 2013, the University of Madeira Students’ Union has received volunteers that have collaborated in several activities and initiatives. Besides being able to enjoy a wonderful experience which will contribute to their personal and professional growth, they are able to contribute in a unique way to the community in which they are inserted and to join dozens of volunteers from the University of Madeira.