Hey guys! After telling you my first impressions about the Island, then about food, and last time about a little bit of Flora and Fauna, in this article we will talk about History, and one of the Kings of Portugal.
So let’s speak about King Manuel I, a King of Portugal between 1495 (when he received the Crown in Lisbon) and 1521.
He was born on 31st of May 1469 in Alcochete (Portugal, facing Lisbon on the East) and died in Lisbon in December 1521. Son of Ferdinand, a little brother of King Afonso V (King between 1438 and 1481), Manuel succeeded to his cousin John II when that one died without legitim child in 1495. According to some authors, he was called The Fortunate because he owned fast big amounts of richnesses, thanks to Vasco de Gama (1460 or 1469-1524) who opened a new seaside road to the Indias along Africa.
In 1500, Manuel I sent Pedro Álvares Cabral to take the responsibility of 13 ships to make business with Indians Princes. But Cabral will reach, maybe without knowing, Brazil. Cabral sent a boat to Lisbon to make them know about that discovery, and he continues his seaside road to the Indias. Once arrived over there, he established business points on the Malabar coast.
In 1502, Vasco de Gama goes with about 20 ships to the East of Africa from where he brought gold.
In 1499, Joᾶo Fernandes Lavrador is believed to reach the area nowadays called « Labrador ». In 1500, Gaspar Corte Real discovered « Terra-Nova » (territories located today in the East of Canada, called « Terra Nova e Labrador », but more known as « Terra Nova »).
Portuguese navigators explored Brasil coast but at that time business was limited to the Brasilian wood.
In 1494, with the Tordesillas treaty (between Castilla in Spain and Portugal, it was destined to fix domination limits of those two colonial powers; what was at the East of demarcation line (at more than 1786kms from Green Cap Islands) was Portugal, at the West was Castilla), Manuel I revendicated those recently discovered lands. Their possession was confirmed by the Pope and recognized by Spain, with which Manuel had good relations. Indeed, Manuel married the two daughters (separately but in a short period of time, in 1500) and then the niece of Catholic Kings. He married also in 1519 Eléonora of Austria, French Queen, daughter of Philippe Ist, King of Spain said the Beautiful, and Jeanne, Queen of Castilla said the Crazy.
In the 1480s, King Manuel I gave the authorization for the use of the City Hall of Funchal as a regulation point of the city’s management for the privileges of the City Hall of Lisbon (capital of mainland Portugal).
He died in 1521 in Lisbon.
See you in March for another story about another subject, surprise…!
Augustin COCHET, French (from Lyon area), with knowledge in Food Process and Food Industries. In studies reorientation: to Theater and Tourism, Human Sciences; and passionate of books/magazines, new languages, food, and culture.
Erasmus+ is a programme of the European Commission embracing the fields of education, training, youth and sports during the period 2014-2020. One of the major aspects is the cooperation between the different fields where the programme acts, hence contributing for a diverse and rich Europe.
Amongst the several goals of the programme, the following are prioritised: the objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy, including the headline education target; the aims of the strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training (ET 2020), including the corresponding benchmarks; the sustainable development of Partner Countries in the field of higher education; the overall goals of the renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field (2010-2018); the objective of developing the European dimension in sport, in particular grassroots sport, in line with the EU work plan for sport and the promotion of European values in accordance with Article 2 of the Treaty on the European Union.
In order to achieve these goals, the Erasmus+ has several action policies. The Key Action 1 (KA1) is directed towards the mobility of people; Key Action 2 (KA2) for the cooperation for innovation and the interchange of good experiences; and Key Action 3, which is for the support of reformation policies.
Since 1991 the University of Madeira Students’ Union has developed a wide incentive policy for voluntary work. In 2013 the Students’ Union started the process to receive, send and coordinate Erasmus+ projects of the European Voluntary Service, in order to have a larger influence in the volunteering field. The Union received its first volunteer withing the ambit of a KA1 project in 2014. Many efforts have been done to allow young people from Madeira to take part in several initiatives in Europe, as well as propose several projects allowing young people from several countries to work in the projects of the Students’ Union of the University of Madeira. The main goal of the voluntary work is the contribution of the volunteers to the communities and places they will be staying, being their work not rewarded with payment.
We believe that the European Voluntary Service is a mechanism full of experiences, allowing the approved candidates to have the privilege of taking part in these projects and benefit the places and communities where these volunteers will be staying.
Since 2013, the University of Madeira Students’ Union has received volunteers that have collaborated in several activities and initiatives. Besides being able to enjoy a wonderful experience which will contribute to their personal and professional growth, they are able to contribute in a unique way to the community in which they are inserted and to join dozens of volunteers from the University of Madeira.