Dom Carlos might have not been the last king on the throne of Portugal and the Algarve but his rule is often associated with the end of the monarchy. The image of the Portuguese monarchy was severely damaged after the government showed weakness facing the British.
From today’s view, you might say that Dom Carlos had no great talent in politics, as he is still blamed for the end of the Portuguese monarchy. It did not make it easier to seem like a confident king. Instead, the population noticed quite fast that he could not stand its ground against the British Empire. Portugal’s plan was to have sovereignty over territories to link the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean. The idea collided with the British plans. And in the future, it became clear that it would never work because of the future Windsor Treaty.
But also long before the Treaty was signed, Portugal backed down and showed in the eyes of the Portuguese peoples a sign of weakness. Moreover it was the disappointment of not being able to create a colonial empire in the South Africa, of which the peoples were so excited about. They did not only criticize the government but also the constitution of the Portuguese monarchy which led to the Revolt of January 31, 1891. This revolutionary movement in Porto was not able to abolish the monarchy, but the situation still tightened.
The bankruptcy did not come much later. It divided the people amongst themselves and and helped, in some way, the growth of the Republican movement.. Soon the king saw himself in a critical situation. He chose to appoint as João Franco who made the situation even worse. He used harsh politics, such as press censorship and even deported people to the colonies. All this led to the collapse of the monarchy with the assassination of Dom Carlos and his eldest son Luís Filipe. The king died immediately after getting shot, the heir of the throne 20 minutes later. So the inexperienced Manuel II. had to take over his older brothers responsibility as the last king of Portugal.
Helmi Krappitz, a volunteer from Germany, nature and food enthusiast.
Erasmus+ is a programme of the European Commission embracing the fields of education, training, youth and sports during the period 2014-2020. One of the major aspects is the cooperation between the different fields where the programme acts, hence contributing for a diverse and rich Europe.
Amongst the several goals of the programme, the following are prioritised: the objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy, including the headline education target; the aims of the strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training (ET 2020), including the corresponding benchmarks; the sustainable development of Partner Countries in the field of higher education; the overall goals of the renewed framework for European cooperation in the youth field (2010-2018); the objective of developing the European dimension in sport, in particular grassroots sport, in line with the EU work plan for sport and the promotion of European values in accordance with Article 2 of the Treaty on the European Union.
In order to achieve these goals, the Erasmus+ has several action policies. The Key Action 1 (KA1) is directed towards the mobility of people; Key Action 2 (KA2) for the cooperation for innovation and the interchange of good experiences; and Key Action 3, which is for the support of reformation policies.
Since 1991 the University of Madeira Students’ Union has developed a wide incentive policy for voluntary work. In 2013 the Students’ Union started the process to receive, send and coordinate Erasmus+ projects of the European Voluntary Service, in order to have a larger influence in the volunteering field. The Union received its first volunteer withing the ambit of a KA1 project in 2014. Many efforts have been done to allow young people from Madeira to take part in several initiatives in Europe, as well as propose several projects allowing young people from several countries to work in the projects of the Students’ Union of the University of Madeira. The main goal of the voluntary work is the contribution of the volunteers to the communities and places they will be staying, being their work not rewarded with payment.
We believe that the European Voluntary Service is a mechanism full of experiences, allowing the approved candidates to have the privilege of taking part in these projects and benefit the places and communities where these volunteers will be staying.
Since 2013, the University of Madeira Students’ Union has received volunteers that have collaborated in several activities and initiatives. Besides being able to enjoy a wonderful experience which will contribute to their personal and professional growth, they are able to contribute in a unique way to the community in which they are inserted and to join dozens of volunteers from the University of Madeira.