A actualidade noticiosa

Consulta as principais notícias do Ensino Superior

28 de Dezembro de 2019.

DNA em “chiclete” com 5700 anos

Pela primeira vez, os cientistas conseguiram extrair um antigo genoma humano completo a partir de um achado que não era um osso, mas um pequeno pedaço de alcatrão de bétula com 5700 anos. São menos de três centímetros de alcatrão de bétula mastigado por uma mulher há muito, muito tempo, mas foi o suficiente para retirar um genoma humano completo da amostra encontrada no Sul da Dinamarca. A partir deste pedaço de antiga chiclete com 5700 anos os cientistas traçam o retrato provável de uma mulher de pele morena, cabelo escuro e olhos azuis que baptizaram com o nome de Lola. Os resultados da análise revelados na revista Nature Communications fornecem ainda algumas pistas sobre a evolução das bactérias e […]
27 de Dezembro de 2019.

Christmas in Germany

Silent night, holy night – Christmas in Germany When the air starts smelling like roasted almonds, when the city center is immersed in warm lights and when children start to sing their hearts out on the streets, then you know it`s time for one of the most important German Christmas traditions: The Christmas Market. The idea of this pre-Christmas market originates in the Late Middle Ages when people bought goods to prepare for the cold wintertime. Throughout the years also craftsmen, toymakers and confectioners were allowed to sell their products, contributing to the Christmas market as it is today. Traditionally, the market starts in the last week of November and lasting until Christmas Eve. A very curious thing about this […]
26 de Dezembro de 2019.

Alcatifa sustentável e portuguesa

A alcatifa é feita a partir de materiais têxteis reciclados e, no final do evento, é novamente transformada noutros produtos de gama mais baixa. Uma empresa da Guarda começou este ano a produzir uma alcatifa reciclável, feita a partir de excedentes têxteis, roupas e desperdícios industriais, para utilização específica em recintos de eventos. A startup Karpet2R – Walking to the Future surgiu por iniciativa de Pedro Tavares e João Gonçalves, que também gerem uma empresa de organização de eventos. Segundo Pedro Tavares, a startup de produção de alcatifas recicladas surgiu após verificar que, no final de cada evento organizado, as alcatifas de polipropileno utilizadas eram deitadas fora. “Estamos a falar de quilos e quilos que, no fundo, iam para o […]
25 de Dezembro de 2019.

Time before Christmas in Germany

Some traditions have moved into the background in recent years and others are still very important for the people. Our Christmas starts with the Advent season. It starts four weeks before Christmas day on a Sunday. There we light the first candle from our Advent wreath and every Sunday until Christmas we will light one more candle. So, at Christmas, all four candles will be lit on the Advent wreath. During this time, we have another celebration. On the 6th of December Saint Nicholas visits our houses. He was the bishop of Myra and this is why he has a bishop’s hat and a bishop’s stick. In my hometown, we have this tradition that all girls in the last year […]
24 de Dezembro de 2019.

Viriato e Lusitânia

Viriato e Lusitânia, eis os nomes escolhidos por Portugal para um exoplaneta e a sua estrela. O exoplaneta agora baptizado foi descoberto por uma equipa liderada pelo astrofísico português Nuno Santos. Para comemorar o 100.º aniversário da União Astronómica Internacional (IAU, na sigla em inglês), mais de 110 países organizaram campanhas nacionais para atribuírem nomes a exoplanetas e às suas estrelas hospedeiras. Os resultados desta iniciativa, a IAU100 Name ExoWorlds (Dê Nome a ExoMundos, em português), foram anunciados esta terça-feira numa conferência em Paris. Em Portugal, os nomes escolhidos foram Lusitânia (para a estrela) e Viriato (para o exoplaneta). Esta proposta partiu, de forma independente, de três escolas de Braga, Pombal e da Maia. “Observações astronómicas durante a última geração […]
23 de Dezembro de 2019.

Christmas traditions in Ireland

Ireland has a wide number of Christmas traditions steeped in the Gaelic and Catholic heritage of the country. A tradition that was very widespread in the 1970s but which seems to be dying out somewhat and especially in urban areas is the candle in the window. Symbolically the candle represented a welcome to Joseph and Mary as they wandered in search of lodgings. The candle indicated to strangers and especially to the poor that there may be an offering of food in the house within. During the penal times in Ireland Catholic priests were forbidden to perform mass so the candle would also show people passing by that the person in the house was a Catholic believer and mass could […]
23 de Dezembro de 2019.

Transportes públicos e ambiente

A criação do PROTransP tem como objectivo “aumentar a oferta de transporte colectiv23o nas comunidades intermunicipais e nos territórios de baixa densidade” O ministro do Ambiente e da Acção Climática disse nesta segunda-feira esperar “um aumento muito expressivo” do transporte público fora das duas áreas metropolitanas (Porto e Lisboa) devido ao novo programa de 15 milhões de euros criado pelo Governo. “Acho que, ao longo próximo ano, e nos anos seguintes, vamos assistir a um aumento muito expressivo dos territórios fora das áreas metropolitanas”, explicou João Pedro Matos Fernandes, em declarações aos jornalistas à margem da cerimónia dos 70 milhões de clientes do Metro do Porto em 2019. O governante referia-se ao Programa de Apoio à Densificação e Reforço da […]
20 de Dezembro de 2019.

Christmas in Scotland

Scottish Christmas traditions are very recent because Christmas did not become a public holiday in Scotland until 1958. In 1640 an act in the Scottish Parliament banned the celebration of Christmas, then called Yule. This was because of the Reformation, which saw the country breaking with the Catholic Church and developing a national Kirk (church) which was influenced by Presbyterian outlooks. The attitudes towards celebrations changed after the Reformation leading to them outlawing the celebration of Christmas festivities. Christmas was, therefore, a quiet affair for many years; which meant that Hogmanay (New Year’s Eve) was the biggest festival for the Scottish. Hogmanay includes many traditions such as “first-footing” which is to be the first person to visit a friend after […]
19 de Dezembro de 2019.

Recolha de resíduos eléctricos

Recolha e tratamento de resíduos de equipamentos eléctricos e electrónicos deverá rondar as 70 mil toneladas, longe das 103 mil exigidas pela UE. O Ministério do Ambiente e da Acção Climática estima que a recolha e tratamento de resíduos de equipamentos eléctricos e electrónicos (REEE), em 2019, ronde as 70 mil toneladas, e não as 48 mil toneladas contabilizadas pela associação ambientalista Zero. O esclarecimento do Ministério do Ambiente enviado esta quinta-feira às redacções confirma, assim, que Portugal deverá falhar as metas estabelecidas pela União Europeia, que apontam para a recolha e tratamento de 65% destes componentes perigosos para a saúde e o ambiente. Para atingir esse valor, o país teria de recolher 103 mil toneladas de REEE. No esclarecimento […]
18 de Dezembro de 2019.

Christmas Eve around the table

Like in most Central European countries, Christmas in Poland is a quaint and much-beloved affair. Most of the Polish Christmas celebrations take place on 24th December, and even though the day isn’t an official public holiday in Poland, to many Poles it is one of the most significant and family-oriented dates in the calendar. Many institutions stop working earlier than usual on the day of Christmas Eve, which is usually celebrated with a family dinner at home. Many Poles wait until the first star appears in the sky before sitting down to eat on 24th December. This tradition commemorates the Star of Bethlehem, which according to the New Testament guided the Wise Men to the birthplace of Christ. Nowadays, with […]
19 de Agosto de 2019.

Witkacy – an interwar artist

Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz was a Polish writer and painter, commonly known as Witkacy. Witkacy was born on the 24th February 1885 in Warsaw. His father-Stanisław Witkiewicz was a painter, art critic, architect and prose writer. To distinguish from his famous father, he had called himself Witkacy, combining his second name with the last name. He spent his childhood and youth in Zakopane, growing up surrounded by an artistic bohemia. He made his debut as a painter in 1901 in Zakopane, where he had presented his two landscape paintings. Witkacy started his study in the Academy of Fine Arts in 1903 in Krakow. He travelled to Italy, France and Germany several times. After the outbreak of World War One he went […]
16 de Agosto de 2019.

Sonia Delaunay

Her art is remarkable, especially the first period of her work with this kind of cubism, it is even more astonishing if you keep in mind that this was painted before the art of Mondrian. Born in 1885 in Ukraine, Sophia (her first name) will spend her childhood in St. Petersburg then in Germany with her uncle. She studied art and drawing in Karlsruhe in Germany until 1905. At this time she decided to move on to Paris. In Paris she studied art at the Académie de La Palette and spent a lot of time in art galleries. Her work was influenced by the Fauve movement and the Post-impressionist of Henri Rousseau or Van Gogh. After a first marriage of […]
14 de Agosto de 2019.

Gustav Klimt

Gustav Klimt, born in July 1862, is an Austrian painter and one of the most famous representatives of Viennese Art Nouveau. He was born and raised in Vienna, where he lived with his six siblings and his parents. Because of a studentship he was able to study from 1876 until 1883 at the Vienna School of Decorative Arts. After University he opened an independent studio specializing in the execution of mural paintings. His early work had a classical style that was typical of late 19th century academic painting, as can be seen in his murals for the Vienna Burgtheater. In 1897 Klimt´s mature style emerged and he founded the Vienna Sezession, a group of painters who revolted against academic art […]
12 de Agosto de 2019.

Artist in many ways

Tove Jansson is mostly known as an author and the creator of Moomins. She was a novelist, illustrator, comic strip author and painter. Jansson was born in Helsinki in 9th of August in 1914 to a Swedish-speaking family. Her father was a sculptor and mother a graphic designer and illustrator. Tove’s two brothers became artists as well: Per Olov Jansson became a photographer and Lars Jansson an author and cartoonist. Tove Jansson studied art in Stockholm, Helsinki and Paris for eight years. Five years after her studies, in the year of 1943, she had her very first solo art exhibition. In 1947 Tove Jansson painted two big frescos at Helsinki City Hall. In one of the paintings Jansson portrayed herself […]
9 de Agosto de 2019.

Van Gogh

Vincent van Gogh is known as one of the most famous painters of the Netherlands. Some of his most famous painting are The Potato Eaters, The Yellow House, Sunflowers, Café Terrace at Night and Starry Night. He was born the 30th of March in 1853 in a place called Zundert in the Dutch province Brabant. Also, he had three sisters and two brothers, one of them called Theo became very important in his life. At the age of 16 Vincent decided to work in The Hague for a French art company named Goupil & Cie. Then he also began writing letters to his brother Theo until the end of his life. In the winter of 1888 Vincent travelled to France, […]
7 de Agosto de 2019.

Beksinski (1929-2005)

“I wish to paint in such a manner as if I were photographing dreams” – Zdzislaw Beksinski Beksinski was a Polish painter, photographer and sculptor. He studied architecture in Kraków and had no formal training as an artist. He specializes in the field of magic realism and dystopian surrealism. He painted in a baroque and a gothic manner with his trademark precision. The first period of his work incorporates expressionistic colors with a strong style of utopian realism and a surreal architecture. The second period presents more abstract style. An exhibition in Warsaw in 1964 was his first major success – all the paintings were sold. Soon he became a leading figure in the contemporary Polish art. From the late […]